M. de Braun (no relation) writes from Paris to point out that besides Versailles, André Le Nôtre laid out the Champs Elysée.

He wonders whether that bold gardener of the 18th century, Capability Brown, ever did anything except lay out parks. Let’s knock this one on the head quick with an example from what you might call his second early period when Brown was still keeping the components of his landscapes pretty distinct – Petworth for example.

So there is the pleasure ground (attached to the house, and including the walled garden), then Home Park, managed by the National Trust, with a herd of fallow deer. The equivalent elsewhere is sometimes called Little Park. Next we have Stag Park, as it is called at Petworth, probably the equivalent of the Great Parks at Burghley and Wilton. Sometimes characterised by large clumps, sometimes hare courses, sometimes a sheep walk, often all three at once.

Stag Park Farm, Petworth

Stag Park Farm, Petworth

Next the Ridings, as they are called at Petworth, which run on for four or five miles north of Stag Park with a set of drives showing off the agricultural estate and, at Petworth, providing access to the rough shooting ground (sometimes, as at North Stoneham or Langley Bucks., known as a park). There ought to be a farm house, a folly of some sort here, or a fishing cabin like Cadland’s where tea can be taken. Technically these would be classified as the ‘objects of an airing’.

Finally, since they usually crop up at the far end, come race courses such as Wilton, Burghley and Belvoir.

Come to think of it M. de Braun, deer parks played less and less part in his work (think of Belvoir, Milton, Moccas and Woodchester for example).