Mr M is curious to know how a landscape gardener like Capability Brown will have got along with architects, supposing they were employed at the same time, and has written from London to ask which of the two would rule the roost.

05-Drawing-by-Nicholson

John Carr is very likely to have been involved with Scampston, but the house still looked like Brown’s handiwork.

So often, Mr M, things do not turn out as in a perfectly ordered world they should. Undoubtedly the gardener should determine the position and aspect of the house, taking into account the provision of water and drainage and any building materials in the vicinity. We may be certain that things were seldom settled so satisfactorily. Although Robert Adam was remarkably respectful in his reading of Brownian landscape – more so than his rivals – his Kedleston was still built in the wrong place. Sir William Chambers worked with Brown on many occasions but became, as we know, violently hostile to him – and I have to say that fine though his design for Higher Lodge is, it is hard to say what contribution it makes to the mediaeval setting of Milton Abbey. From Harleyford to Heveningham, Sir Robert Taylor beats both Adam and Chambers for sheer indifference to landscape – but might I leave you with a list of projects, attributed to Brown by some, where one of four major architects worked – all may be said to have worked with Brown to a similar degree – John Carr has fewer examples because he largely confined his practice to northern England, Sir Robert Taylor has fewer, but he kept no record of his commissions, which are therefore bound to have been under-represented by Sir Howard Colvin, from whose book all these attributions are taken. I would venture that by comparing their start dates with those known for Brown’s involvement, Mr M, you might find a rough and ready guide as to which came first, architect or gardener.

 

Site Brown’s start_date Brown’s finish date Robert_Adam John_Carr William_Chambers Robert_Taylor
Adderbury 1768 1768
Alnwick Castle 1759 1779 1770-1783
Althorp 1759 1780 1772
Ampthill 1771 1772 1768-1772
Ancaster Lodge 0 0 1773
Ansley 0 1764 1767
Aston 1760 0 1770-2
Audley End 1763 1766 1763-1783
Basildon 1778 0 1776
Blenheim 1763 1773 1766-1775
Bowood 1757 1767 1761-1770
Byram 1782 0 1780 1770
Cannon Hall 1778 1778 from 1764
Chatsworth 1760 0 1782-4
Chute Lodge 0 0 1768
Clumber 1764 0 before 1768
Compton Verney 1768 1771 1761-1770
Enville 0 0 1770
Fawley Court 1764 1766 1797-9
Harewood 1758 1778 1758-1771 1759-1771 1756
Harleyford 0 0 1755
Heveningham 1781 1782 1778-1780
Hornby Castle 0 0 1760-1770
Kew 1764 1783 1757-1763
Kimbolton 0 0 1764-5
Knowsley 1775 1776 1776-7
Longford Castle 1777 1778 1763
Luton Hoo 1756 1774 1767-1774
Mamhead 1772 0 1777
Milton Abbey 1763 1782 1775 1771-1776
Moor Park 1753 0 1763-1765
Mount Clare 1772 1773 1760-8 1771-2
Peper Harow 1757 1758 1765-1775
Richmond 0 0 from 1762
Sharpham 0 0 1770
Sledmere 1777 1778 1778
Stanmore 0 0 1766-9
Stapleton 1782 0 1762-4
Stowe 1741 1751 1771
Syon House 1754 1759 1762-1773
The Grove 1771 1774 1754-6
Thoresby 1768 0 1767-1771
Ugbrooke 1761 1770 1763-1771
Wilton 1779 0 1757-9
Wimbledon House 1767 1768 1766-7
Woburn Abbey 0 0 1767-1772
Wrest 1758 1783 1766